Last week we talked about Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences:
- Verbal/Linguistic or Word Smart
- Logical/Mathematical or Math Smart
- Musical/Rhythmical or Music Smart
- Visual/Spatial or Art Smart
- Bodily/Kinesthetic or Body Smart
- Intrapersonal orSelf Smart
- Interpersonal or People Smart
- Naturalistic or Nature Smart
Now, the question is, how do we use these multiple intelligences to help our struggling readers? Here are some reading activities for each of the intelligences.
- Read an alphabet book.
- Listen to stories on tape (follow along in the book).
- Make a picture dictionary.
- Come up with a mnemonic device for spelling tricky words (example--"oh, you lucky dog" to remember the last 4 letters in "could", "would", and "should" ).
- Put words on index cards and sort according to common characteristics.
- Do or create a crossword puzzles.
- Predict the ending of a story.
- Deduce spelling rules based on examples.
- Play classical music in the background to help students focus.
- Sing the alphabet.
- Put the lesson to music (like the Schoolhouse Rock clips).
- Play rhyming games.
- Paint letters or words.
- Lindamood Bell's Visualizing and Verbalizing program.
- Write words with "problem letters" in a different color.
- Make letters or words out of clay.
- Use flashlight to write letter/word in the air.
- Wet, dry, try (on chalkboard)—to write letters.
- Visualize key word for vowel. Use first two fingers to tap out word and vowel sound.
- Concentration game for words or letters.
- Student helps set personal goals and evaluate performance.
- Teach what is relevant to the student (vocabulary, spelling words, etc.).
- Allow plenty of processing time.
- Metacognition techniques--thinking about thinking.
- Reader's Theater.
- Play a learning game.
- Read to a younger student.
- Teach a spelling rule to a classmate.
- Write letters/words in sand.
- Step outside to work.
- Blindfolded listening--sound discrimination--sounds, letters, words.
- Read National Geographic books, etc.
If you have anything else you have used with your student(s), I would love to hear it!